Although the stadium is popularly known as Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, its official name is Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium , as there are other stadiums in the Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex, such as the Tennis Stadium and the Swimming Stadium. During the New Order era by President Suharto, the complex was renamed "Gelora Senayan" which also changes the name of the main stadium.
Construction began on the stadium on February 8, 1960 and finished on July 21, 1962. In time to host the fourth Asian Games held in Jakarta in 1962. Its construction was partially funded through a special loan from the Soviet Union. The stadium's original capacity of 100,800 people was reduced to 88,083 as a result of renovations for the 2007 Asian Cup. It is divided into 24 sectors and 12 entrances, and into upper and lower stands. The special feature of this stadium is the huge steel roof construction that forms a gigantic ring called temu gelang (joined ring). Other than to shades the spectators in all sectors from the heat of tropical sun, the purpose of this giant ring construction is also to emphasize the grandeur of the stadium.